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Robertson, D. J., Sanders, J. G., Towler, A., Kramer, R. S. S., Spowage, J., Byrne, A., Burton, A. M., & Jenkins, R. (2020). Hyper-realistic Face Masks in a Live Passport-Checking Task. Perception. PDF Link

Mileva, M., Young, A. W., Jenkins, R., & Burton, A. M. (2020). Facial identity across the lifespan. Cognitive Psychology, 116. PDF Link

Mileva, M., Tompkinson, J., Watt, D., & Burton, A. M. (2020). The role of face and voice cues in predicting the outcome of student representative elections. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 0146167219867965. PDF Link


Feng, X., Burton, A. M. (2019). Identity documents bias face matchingPerception. PDF Link

Mileva, M., Burton, A. M. (2019). Face search in CCTV surveillance. Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications. PDF Link

Wiese, H., Ingram, B. T., Elley, M. L., Tüttenberg, S. C., Burton, A. M., & Young, A. W. (2019). Later but not early stages of familiar face recognition depend strongly on attentional resources: Evidence from event-related brain potentials. Cortex, 120, 147-158. PDF Link

Mileva, M., Young, A. W., Kramer, R. S. S., & Burton, A. M. (2019). Understanding facial impressions between and within identities. Cognition, 190, 184-198. PDF Link

Mileva, M., Kramer, R. S. S., & Burton, A. M. (2019). Social evaluation of faces across gender and familiarity. Perception, 48(6), 471-486. PDF Link

Towler, A., Kemp, R. I., Burton, A. M., Dunn, J. D., Wayne, T., Moreton, R., & White, D. (2019) Do professional facial image comparison training courses work? PLoS One, 14(2), e0211037. PDF Link

Towler, A., Kemp, R. I., Bruce, V., Burton, A. M., Dunn, J. D., & White, D. (2019). Are face recognition abilities in humans and sheep really ‘comparable’?. Royal Society Open Science, 6(1), 180772.  https://doi.org/10.1098/rsos.180772. PDF Link

Burton, A. M., Jenkins, R., & Robertson, D. J. (2019). I recognise your name but I can’t remember your face: An advantage for names in recognition memory. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 72(7), 1847-1854. PDF Link

Wiese, H., Tüttenberg, S. C., Ingram, B. T., Chan, C. Y. X., Gurbuz, Z., Burton, A. M., & Young, A. W. (2019). A robust neural index of high face familiarity. Psychological Science, 30(2), 261-272PDF Link

Lavan, N., Burton, A. M., Scott, S. K., & McGettigan, C. (2019). Flexible voices: Identity perception from variable vocal signals. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 26(1), 90-102. PDF Link


Burton, A. M., Jenkins, R., & Robertson, D. J. (2018). I recognise your name but I can’t remember your face: An advantage for names in recognition memory. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 1747021818813081. Doi: 10.1177/1747021818813081. PDF Link

Jenkins, R., Dowsett, A. J., & Burton, A. M. (2018). How many faces do people know? Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 285(1888), 20181319. PDF Link

Kramer, R. S.Mileva, M., & Ritchie, K. L. (2018). Inter-rater agreement in trait judgements from faces. PloS One, 13(8), e0202655PDF Link

McCaffery, J. M., Robertson, D. J., Young, A. W., & Burton, A. M. (2018). Individual differences in face identity processing. Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications, 3(21), 1-15. PDF Link

Ritchie, K. L., White, D., Kramer, R. S., Noyes, E., Jenkins, R., & Burton, A. M. (2018). Enhancing CCTV: Averages improve face identification from poor-quality images. Applied Cognitive Psychology. PDF Link

Mileva, M., & Burton, A. M. (2018). Smiles in face matching: Idiosyncratic information revealed through a smile improves unfamiliar face matching performance. British Journal of Psychology. PDF Link

Young, A. W., & Burton, A. M. (2018). The limits of expertise in face recognition: Response to Mackenzie Sunday and Isabel Gauthier: Face expertise for unfamiliar faces: A commentary on Young and Burton’s “Are we Face Experts?. Journal of Expertise, 1(2), 130-135.

Young, A. W., & Burton, A. M. (2018). What we see in unfamiliar faces: A response to Rossion. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 22(6), 472-473. PDF Link

Young, A. W., & Burton, A. M. (2018). Are We Face Experts?. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 22(2), 100-110. PDF Link

Mileva, M., Tompkinson, J., Watt, D., & Burton, A. M. (2018). Audiovisual integration in social evaluation. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 44, 128-138. PDF Link

Kramer, R. S., Manesi, Z., Towler, A., Reynolds, M. G., & Burton, A. M. (2018). Familiarity and within-person facial variability: The importance of the internal and external features. Perception, 47, 3-15. PDF Link

Kramer, R. S., Young, A. W., & Burton, A. M. (2018). Understanding face familiarity. Cognition, 172, 46-58. PDF Link

Ritchie, K. L., Kramer, R. S., & Burton, A. M. (2018). What makes a face photo a ‘good likeness’?. Cognition, 170, 1-8. PDF Link


Young, A., & Burton, A. M. (2017). A change of face: New approaches to measuring face recognition and identification. APS Observer, 30, 28-30. PDF Link

Ambrus, G. G., Windel, F., Burton, A. M., & Kovács, G. (2017). Causal evidence of the involvement of the right occipital face area in face-identity acquisition. NeuroImage, 148, 212-218. PDF Link

Young, A. W., & Burton, A. M. (2017). Recognizing Faces. Current Directions In Psychological Science, 26, 212-217. PDF Link

Robertson, D. J., Jenkins, R., & Burton, A. M. (2017). Face detection dissociates from face identification. Visual Cognition, 25, 740-748. PDF Link

Robertson, D. J., Kramer, R. S., & Burton, A. M. (2017). Fraudulent ID using face morphs: Experiments on human and automatic recognition. PloS One, 12, e0173319. PDF Link

Ritchie, K. L., & Burton, A. M. (2017). Learning faces from variability. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 70, 897-905. PDF Link

Kramer, R. S. S., Young, A. W., Day, M. G., & Burton, A. M. (2016). Robust social categorization emerges from learning the identities of very few faces. Psychological Review, 124, 115-129. PDF Link

Kramer, R. S., Jenkins, R., & Burton, A. M. (2017). InterFace: A software package for face image warping, averaging, and principal components analysis. Behavior Research Methods, 49, 2002-2011. PDF Link


Andrews, T. J., Baseler, H., Jenkins, R., Burton, A. M., & Young, A. W. (2016).  Contributions of feature shapes and surface cues to the recognition and neural representation of facial identity. Cortex, 83, 280-291. PDF Link

Baseler, H. A., Young, A. W., Jenkins, R., Burton, A. M., & Andrews, T. J. (2016). Face-Selective Regions Show Invariance To Linear, But Not To Non-Linear, Changes In Facial Images. Neuropsychologia, 93, 76-84. PDF Link

McCaffery, J. M., & A. Mike Burton (2016). Passport Checks: Interactions Between Matching Faces and Biographical Details. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 30, 6, 925-933. PDF Link 

Kramer, R. S. S., Jenkins, R., Young, A. W., & Burton, A. M. (2016). Natural variability is essential to learning new faces. Visual Cognition, 1-7. PDF Link

Andrews, S., Burton, A. M., Schweinberger, S., Wiese, H. (2016). Event-related potentials reveal the development of stable face representations from natural variability. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental PsychologyPDF Link

White, D., Rivolta, D., Burton, A. M., Al-Janabi, S., & Palermo, R. (2016). Face matching impairment in developmental prosopagnosia. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology. PDF Link

Robertson, D. J., & Burton, A. M. (2016). Unfamiliar face recognition: Security, surveillance and smartphones. Journal of the U.S. Homeland Defense and Security Information Analysis Center, 3, 1, 14-21. PDF Link

Robertson, D. J., Noyes, E., Dowsett, A., Jenkins, R., & Burton, A. M. (2016). Face Recognition by Metropolitan Police Super-recognisers. PLoS ONE 11(2): e0150036 PDF Link

Burton, A. M., Kramer, R. S. S., Ritchie, K. L., & Jenkins, R. (2016). Identity from variation: Representations of faces derived from multiple instances. Cognitive Science, 40, 202-223. PDF Link

Dowsett, A.J.Sandford, A.& Burton, A.M. (2016). Face learning with multiple images leads to fast acquisition of familiarity for specific individuals. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 69, 1, 1-10. PDF Link


Armann, R. G .M., Jenkins, R., Burton, A. M. (2015). A familiarity advantage for remembering specific images of faces. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance. Advance online publication.  PDF Link

Ritchie, K. L., Smith, F. G, Jenkins, R., Bindemann, M., White, D. & Burton, A. M. (2015). Viewers base  estimates of face matching accuracy on their own familiarity: Explaining the photo-ID paradox. Cognition, 141, 161-169PDF Link

Robertson, D. J., Kramer, R. S. S., & Burton, A. M. (2015). Face averages enhance user recognition for smartphone security. PLoS ONE, 10(3)e0119460. PDF Link

Burton, A. M., Schweinberger, S., Jenkins, R., & Kaufmann, J. (2015). Arguments against a ‘configural processing' account of familiar face recognition. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 10, 4, 482-496. PDF Link

Andrews, S., Jenkins, R., Cursiter, H., & Burton, A. M. (2015). Telling faces together: Learning new faces through exposure to multiple instances. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 68, 10, 2041-2050PDF Link

Robertson, D. J., Middleton, R., & Burton, A. M. (2015). From policing to passport control. The limitations of photo ID. Keesing: The Journal of Documents and Identity, 46, 3-8. PDF Link

Kramer, R. S. S., Ritchie, K. L., & Burton, A. M. (2015). Viewers extract the mean from images of the same person. A route to face learning. Journal of Vision 15(4):1, 1-9PDF Link

Dowsett, A.J., & Burton, A.M. (2015). Unfamiliar face matching: Pairs out-perform individuals and provide a route to training. British Journal of Psychology, 106, 3, 433-445PDF Link

Burton, A. M., Kramer, R. S., Ritchie, K. L., & Jenkins, R. (2016). Identity from variation: Representations of faces derived from multiple instances. Cognitive Science, 40, 202-223. PDF Link


White, D., Kemp, R.I., Jenkins, R., Matheson, M., & Burton, A.M. (2014). Passport Officers' Errors in Face Matching. PLoS ONE, 9(8): e103510. PDF Link
Sandford, A., & Burton, A. M. (2014). Tolerance for distorted faces: Challenges to a configural processing account of familiar face recognition. Cognition, 132, 3, 262-268. PDF Link
White, D., Burton, A.M., Jenkins, R. & Kemp, R. (2014). Redesigning photo-ID to improve unfamiliar face matching performance. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied, 20, 2, 166-173. PDF Link

White, D., Kemp, R. I., Jenkins, R., & Burton, A. M. (2014). Feedback training for facial image comparison. Psychonomic bulletin & review, 21, 1, 100-106. PDF Link 


White, D., Burton, A. M., Kemp, R. I., & Jenkins, R. (2013). Crowd Effects in Unfamiliar Face Matching. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 27, 769-777. PDF Link
Megreya, A. M., Sandford, A., & Burton, A. M. (2013). Matching Face Images Take on the Same Day or Months Apart: the Limitations of Photo ID. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 27, 700-706. PDF Link
Burton, A. M. (2013). Why has research in face recognition progressed so slowly? The importance of variability. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology66, 8,1467-1485. PDF Link
Attwood, A. S., Penton-Voak, I. S., Burton, A. M., & Munafò, M. R. (2013). Acute Anxiety Impairs Accuracy in Identifying Photographed Faces. Psychological  Science24, 8, 1591–1594. PDF Link

Neumann, M. F., Schweinberger, S. R., & Burton, A. M. (2013). Viewers extract mean and individual identity from sets of famous faces. Cognition, 128, 56–63. PDF Link


Nakabayashi, K., Burton, A.M., Brandimonte, M. & Lloyd-Jones, T.J. (2012). Dissociating positive and negative influences  of verbal processing on the recognition of pictures of faces and objects. Journal  of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory,  & Cognition, 38, 376-390. PDF Link

Megreya, A. M., Bindemann, M., Havard, C., & Burton, A. M. (2012). Identity-Lineup Location Influences Target Selection: Evidence from Eye Movements. Journal of Police and Criminal Psychology,  27, 2, 167–178. PDF Link


Jenkins, R., White, D., van Montfort, X. & Burton, A.M. (2011). Variability in photos of the same face. Cognition, 121, 313-323. PDF Link
Burton, A.M. & Jenkins, R. (2011). Unfamiliar face perception. In A.J. Calder, G. Rhodes, M.H. Johnson & J. Haxby  (Eds.). The Oxford Handbook of Face Perception. pp 287-306, Oxford University Press.
Wilson, C.E., Palermo, R., Burton, A.M. & Brock, J. (2011). Recognition of own- and other-race faces in autism spectrum disorders. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 64, 1939-1954PDF Link
Schweinberger, S.R. & Burton, A.M. (2011). Person Perception 25 years after Bruce and Young (1986): An  Introduction. (Editorial for  Special Issue). British Journal of Psychology, 102, 695-703. PDF Link
Burton, A.M., Jenkins, R. & Schweinberger, S.R. (2011). Mental representations of familiar faces. British Journal of Psychology: Special Issue to celebrate 25 years of the Bruce and Young model, 102, 943-958. PDF Link
Megreya, A.M., White, D. & Burton, A.M. (2011). The other-race effect does not rely on memory: Evidence from a matching task. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 64, 1473-1483. PDF Link

Jenkins, R. & Burton, A.M. (2011). Stable face representations. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, B, 366, 1671- 1683. PDF Link


Wilson, C.E., Palermo, R., Brock, J. & Burton, A.M. (2010). Learning new faces in typically developing children and children  on the autistic spectrum. Perception, 39, 1645-1658. PDF Link
Bindemann, M., Scheepers, C., Ferguson, H.J., & Burton, A.M. (2010). Face, body and centre of gravity mediate person detection in natural scenes. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 36, 1477-1485. PDF Link
Wilson, C.E., Freeman, P., Brock, J., Burton, A.M. & Palermo, R. (2010). Facial Identity Recognition in the Broader Autism Phenotype. PLoS One, 5(9), Article e12876. PDF Link
Edmond, G., Kemp, R., Porter, G., Hamer, D., Burton, A. M., Biber, K. & San Roque, M. (2010). Atkins v The Emperor: The cautious use of unreliable expert opinion. The International Journal of Evidence and Proof, 14, 146-166. PDF Link

Burton, A.M., White, D., McNeill, A. (2010). The Glasgow Face Matching Test. Behavior Research Methods, 42, 286 - 291PDF Link


Bindemann, M. & Burton, A.M. (2009). The role of color in human face detection. Cognitive Science, 33, 1144-1156. PDF Link
Burton, A.M. & Bindemann, M. (2009). The role of view in human face detection. Vision Research, 49, 2026-2036. PDF Link
Kaufmann, J.M., Schweinberger, S.R. & Burton, A.M. (2009). N250 ERP correlates of the acquisition of face representations across different images. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 21, 625-641. PDF Link 

Bindemann, M., Scheepers, C. & Burton, A.M. (2009). Viewpoint and centre of gravity affect eye movements to human faces. Journal of  Vision, 9(2):7, 1-16. PDF Link

Burton, A.M., Bindemann, M., Langton, S.R.H., Schweinberger, S.R., & Jenkins, R. (2009). Gaze perception requires focused attention: evidence from an interference task. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception & Performance, 35,108-118. PDF Link  


Megreya, A.M. & Burton, A.M. (2008). Matching faces to photographs: Poor performance in eyewitness memory (without the memory). Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied, 14, 364-372.  PDF Link

Bindemann, M. & Burton, A.M. (2008). Attention to upside-down faces: An exception to the inversion effect. Vision Research, 48, 2555- 2561. PDF Link

Bindemann, M., Burton, A.M., & Langton, S.R.H. (2008). How do eye-gaze and facial expression interact? Visual Cognition, 16, 708- 733PDF Link

Bindemann, M., Burton, A.M., Leuthold, H., & Schweinberger, S.R. (2008). Event-related potentials of face recognition: Geometric distortions and the N250r brain response to stimulus repetitions. Psychophysiology, 45, 535-544 PDF Link

Baird, L.M. & Burton, A.M. (2008). The bilateral advantage for famous faces: Interhemispheric communication or competition? Neuropsychologia, 46, 1581-1587. PDF Link

Langton, S.R.H., Law, A.S., Burton, A.M. & Schweinberger, S.R. (2008). Attention capture by faces. Cognition, 107, 330- 342. PDF Link

Jenkins, R. & Burton, A.M. (2008). 100% accuracy in automatic face recognition. Science, 319, 435. PDF Link

Nakabayashi, K. & Burton, A.M. (2008). The role of verbal processing at different stages of recognition memory for faces. European Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 20, 478-496. PDF Link

Jenkins, R. & Burton, A.M. (2008). Limitations in facial identification. Justice of the Peace, 172, 4-6.


Schweinberger, S.R., Kaufmann, J.M., Moratti, S., Keil, A., & Burton, A.M. (2007). Brain responses to repetitions of human and animal faces, inverted faces, and objects — An MEG study. Brain Research, 1184, 226-233PDF Link

Megreya, A.M. & Burton, A.M. (2007). Hits and false positives in face matching: A familiarity-based dissociation. Perception  and Psychophysics, 69, 1175-1184. PDF Link

Neumann, M.F., Schweinberger, S.R., Wiese, H., & Burton, A.M. (2007). Event-related potential correlates of repetition priming for ignored faces. Neuroreport, 18, 1305-1309. 

Bindemann, M., Burton, A.M., Langton, S.R.H., Schweinberger, S.R. & Doherty, M.J. (2007). The control of attention to faces. Journal of Vision, 7(10):15, 1-8. PDF Link

Bindemann, M., Jenkins, R. & Burton, A.M. (2007). A bottleneck in face identification: repetition priming from flanker images. Experimental Psychology, 54, 192–201. PDF Link 

Kleinberg, K.F., Vanezis, P. & Burton, A.M. (2007). Failure of anthropometry as a facial identification technique using high- quality photographs. Journal of Forensic Sciences, 52(4), 779-783. PDF Link


Calderwood, L. & Burton, A.M. (2006). Children and adults recall the names of highly familiar faces faster than semantic information. British Journal of Psychology, 97, 441-454. PDF Link

Megreya, A.M. & Burton, A.M. (2006). Unfamiliar faces are not faces: Evidence from a matching task. Memory & Cognition, 34, 865- 876. PDF Link

Megreya, A.M. & Burton, A.M. (2006). Recognising faces seen alone or with others: When two heads are worse than one. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 20, 957-972. PDF Link

Martens, U., Schweinberger, S.R., Kiefer, M. & Burton, A.M. (2006). Masked and unmasked electrophysiological repetition effects of famous faces. Brain Research, 1109, 146-157. PDF Link

Riedel, B. & Burton, A.M. (2006). Auditory sequence learning: differential sensitivity to task relevant and task irrelevant sequences. Psychological Research, 70, 337-344. PDF Link

Jenkins, R., Burton, A.M., & White, D. (2006). Face recognition from unconstrained images: Progress with prototypes. Proceedings of the Seventh IEEE International Conference on Automatic Face and Gesture Recognition, pp 25-30. PDF Link


Bindemann, M., Burton, A.M, Hooge, I.T.C., Jenkins, R. & de Haan, E.H.F. (2005). Faces retain attention. Psychonomic Bulletin &  Review, 12, 1048-1053. PDF Link

Bindemann, M., Burton, A.M. & Jenkins, R. (2005). Capacity limits for face processing. Cognition, 98, 177-197. PDF Link

Burton, A.M., Jenkins, R., Hancock, P.J.B., & White, D. (2005).  Robust representations for face recognition: The power of averages. Cognitive Psychology, 51, 256-284. PDF Link

Brédart, S., Brennen, T., Delchambre, M., McNeill, A., & Burton, A.M. (2005). Naming very familiar people: When  retrieving names is faster than retrieving semantic biographical information. British Journal of Psychology, 96, 205-214. PDF Link 


Bonner, L. & Burton, A.M. (2004). 7-11-year-old children show an advantage for matching and recognizing the internal features of familiar faces: Evidence against a developmental shift. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 57A, 1019 1029. PDF Link

Burton, A.M. & Bonner, L. (2004). Familiarity influences judgements of sex: The case of voice recognition. Perception, 33, 747-752. PDF Link

Schweinberger, S.R., Huddy, V., Burton, A.M. (2004). N250r: a face-selective brain response to stimulus repetitions. Neuroreport, 15, 1501-1505. PDF Link


Bonner, L., Burton, A.M., Jenkins, R., McNeill, A. & Bruce, V. (2003). Meet The Simpsons: Top-down effects in face learning. Perception, 32, 1159-1168. PDF Link

Huddy, V., Schweinberger, S.R., Jentzsch, I. & Burton, A.M. (2003). Matching faces for semantic information and names: An event-related brain potentials study. Cognitive Brain Research, 17, 314-326. PDF Link

Kelly, S.W., Burton, A.M., Riedel, B., & Lynch, E. (2003). Sequence learning by action and observation: Evidence for separate mechanisms. British Journal of Psychology, 94, 355-372. PDF Link

McNeill, A., Burton, A.M. & Ellis, A.W. (2003). When sex isn't special: Priming onto a sex decision. Visual Cognition, 10, 641- 650. PDF Link

Bonner, L., Burton, A.M. & Bruce, V. (2003). Getting to know you: How we learn new faces. Visual Cognition, 10, 527 -536. PDF Link 

Liu, C.H., Seetzen, H., Burton, A.M., & Chaudhuri, A. (2003). Face recognition is robust with incongruent image resolution: Relationship to security video images. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied, 9, 33-41. PDF Link

Schweinberger, S.R. & Burton, A.M. (2003). Covert recognition and the neural system for face processing. Cortex, 39, 930. PDF Link 


Jenkins, R., Burton, A.M. & Ellis, A.W. (2002). Long-term effects of covert face recognition. Cognition, 86, B43-B52. PDF Link

McNeill, A. & Burton, A.M. (2002). The locus of semantic priming effects in person recognition. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 55A, 1141-1156. PDF Link

Huddy, V. & Burton, A.M. (2002). Generate and test: An alternative route to knowledge elicitation in an implicit learning task. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 55A, 1093-1107. PDF Link

Schweinberger, S.R., Pickering, E.C., Jentzsch, I., Burton, A.M., & Kaufmann, J.M. (2002). Event-related brain potential evidence for a response of inferior temporal cortex to familiar face repetitions. Cognitive Brain Research, 14, 398-409.  PDF Link

Schweinberger, S.R., Pickering, E.C., Burton, A.M., & Kaufmann, J.M. (2002). Human brain potential correlates of repetition priming in face and name recognition. Neuropsychologia, 40, 2057-2073. PDF Link

Bruce, V. & Burton, A.M. (2002).  Learning new faces. In M. Fahle & T. Poggio (Eds.) Perceptual Learning. Cambridge: MIT Press. pp. 317- 334. PDF Link


Bruce, V., Henderson, Z., Newman, C. & Burton, A.M. (2001). Matching identities of familiar and unfamiliar faces caught on CCTV images. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied, 7, 207-218. PDF Link

Henderson, Z., Bruce, V. & Burton, A.M. (2001). Matching the faces of robbers captured on video. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 15, 445-464. PDF Link

Burton, A.M., Miller, P., Bruce, V., Hancock, P.J.B. & Henderson, Z. (2001).  Human and automatic face recognition: a comparison across image formats.  Vision Research, 41, 3185-3195. PDF Link

Carson, D.R. & Burton, A.M. (2001). Semantic priming of person recognition: Categorical priming may be a weaker form of the associative priming effect. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 54A, 1155-1179. PDF Link

Schweinberger, S.R., Burton, A.M. & Kelly, S.W. (2001). Priming the access to names of famous faces. British Journal of Psychology, 92, 303-317. PDF Link

Calder, A.J., Burton, A.M., Miller, P., Young, A.W. & Akamatsu, S. (2001). A principal component analysis of facial expressions. Vision Research, 41, 1179-1208. PDF Link

Kelly, S.W., Burton, A.M., Kato, T. & Akamatsu, S. (2001). Incidental learning of real world regularities. Psychological Science, 12, 86-89PDF Link

Kelly, S.W. & Burton, A.M. (2001). Learning complex sequences: No role for observation? Psychological Research, 65, 15 23PDF Link

Morrison, D.J., Bruce, V. & Burton, A.M. (2001). Understanding provoked overt recognition in prosopagnosia. Visual Cognition, 8, 47- 65. PDF Link


Hancock, P.J.B., Bruce, V. & Burton, A.M. (2000). Recognition of unfamiliar faces. Trends in Cognitive Science, 4(9), 330-337. PDF Link

Morrison, D.J., Bruce, V. & Burton, A.M. (2000). Covert face recognition in neurologically intact participants. Psychological Research, 63,83-94. PDF Link

Carson, D.R., Burton, A.M. & Bruce, V. (2000). Putting names to faces: A review and tests of the models. Consciousness and Pragmatics. 8, 9-62. PDF Link

Bruce, V., Carson D., Burton, A.M. & Ellis, A.W. (2000). Perceptual priming is not a necessary consequence of semantic classification of pictures. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 53A, 239-323. PDF Link

Burton, A. M. (2000).  The many ways to distribute distributed representations.  Commentary (p.472-473) on M. Page, Connectionist modelling in psychology: A localist manifesto. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 23,  443-512.


Bruce, V., Henderson, Z., Greenwood, K., Hancock, P., Burton, A.M. & Miller, P. (1999). Verification of face identities from images captured on video. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied, 5, 339-360. PDF Link

Schweinberger, S.R., Burton, A.M. & Kelly, S.W. (1999). Asymmetric dependencies in perceiving identity and emotion: Expermients with morphed faces. Perception and Psychophysics, 61, 1102-1115. PDF Link

Liu, C.H., Collin, C.A., Burton, A.M. & Chaudhuri, A. (1999). Effect of lighting direction on recognition of untextured faces in photographic positive and negative. Vision Research, 39, 4003-4009. PDF Link

Burton, A.M., Wilson, S., Cowan, M & Bruce, V. (1999). Face recognition in poor quality video: Evidence from security surveillance. Psychological Science, 10, 243-248. PDF Link

Burton, A.M., Bruce, V. & Hancock, P.J.B. (1999). From pixels to people: A model of familiar face recognition. Cognitive Science, 23, 1-31. PDF Link

Burton, A.M. & Young, A.W. (1999). Simulation and explanation: Some harmony and some discord. Cognitive Neuropsychology,16, 16, 73-79.  (Response to O'Reilly & Farah's comments on Young & Burton, below). PDF Link

Young, A.W. & Burton, A.M. (1999). Simulating face recognition: Implications for modelling cognition. Cognitive Neuropsychology, 16, 1-  48. PDF Link


Hancock, P.J.B., Bruce, V. & Burton, A.M. (1998). A comparison of two computer-based face identification systems with human perceptions of faces. Vision Research, 38, 2277-2288. PDF Link

Bruce, V., Carson, D., Burton, A.M. & Kelly, S. (1998). Prime-time advertisements: Repetition priming from faces seen on subject recruitment posters. Memory and Cognition, 26, 502-515. PDF Link

Bright, J.E.H. & Burton, A.M. (1998). Ringing the changes: Where abstraction occurs in implicit learning. European Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 10, 113-130. PDF Link

Burton, A.M., Kelly, S.W. & Bruce, V. (1998). Cross-domain repetition priming in person recognition. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 51A, 515-529. PDF Link

Burton, A.M. & Vokey, J. (1998). The face space typicality paradox: Understanding the face-space metaphor. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 51A, 475-483. PDF Link

Bruce, V., Hancock, P.J.B. & Burton, A.M. (1998). Human face perception and identification. In H.Wechsler, P.J. Phillips, V. Bruce, F.F. Soulie & T.S. Huang. Face Recognition: From Theory to Applications. pp. 51-72. Berlin: Springer.

Burton, A.M. (1998) A model of human face recognition. In J. Grainger and A.M. Jacobs (Eds.) Localist Connectionist Approaches to Human Cognition. pp. 75-100. London: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.